Experiment 3

ChemDraw and Chem3D Assignment


You will use the chemical structure drawing program ChemDraw and molecular modeling counterpart Chem3D to draw and manipulate different organic chemistry structures.  Programs like these are used to draw chemical structures included in your text books. These are typical drawing-type programs that many of you might already be familiar with. How to draw chemical structures, as well as doing various manipulations on them, is a technique both students in the group must learn. You will eventually be tested on these concepts.

The two days of this experiment will be turned in after things are completed on the second day. Both lab partners will be given the same grade, which typically is counted as a quiz. You should both participate fully in these exercises because you will be working independently later doing similar exercises.


You will work on these parts with your lab partner.  You may ask questions of the instructor, and no one else (not a bad idea since others in the lab probably know about as much as you do). After you are finished with the assignment for each of the two days of the lab (you can only work on Day 1 parts on the first day of this experiment.  During the second day of this exercise, you will do those part under Day 2. At the end of each day, you will print out only one copy of your finished work. Both of your names must be on the first page, upper right hand corner so that when it is handed in both will receive credit.  Both partners will receive the same grade.

(If you need to find the structure for any of these compounds, you can do several things:

Parts I & II will be performed during the First Day of the lab for this experiment.  Parts III & IV will be performed during the Second Day of the lab.  

Hand in all your work at the end of the second day in lab.

The Desktop Computers on the side of the lab, and within the inner room will be used for this exercise. We also have laptop PC's that you can also use at your bench.  Be certain the wifi is on and set to "biotech" not the MiraCosta wifi. At the end of each day, print a copy of the work you did during that day.  If your computer does not print, let the Instructor know.  We can help with most problems.

Remember that you can only do Parts I & II during the first day. Parts III & IV can only be started on Day 2.

Part I: ChemDraw

Use ChemDraw to draw the structure of each of these molecules and ions, all on the same page. Label each structure.. Print one copy of the entire page, after you have finished drawing everything. Make sure nothing appears on the page except these drawings.  Be sure to type your name at the top right hand corner of the page.

  1. 2-butanol
  2. trans-3-bromocyclopentanol
  3. 1-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)ethanone
  4. Benzoic acid
  5. The benzoate ion (conjugate base of benzoic acid), showing all lone pairs of electrons on the oxygen atoms and the position of the formal negative charge
  6. cis-1-t-butyl-4-methylcyclohexane, showing it in its most stable conformation (you must show a chair conformation for the cyclohexane ring, with appropriate placement of the axial and equatorial positions for the attached groups)
  7. caffeine

Notes for ChemDraw:

Part II: Chem3D

For each of the chemicals indicated below (1-iodopropane, cis-1-ethyl-2-methylcyclohexane, and 1-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)ethanone) use ChemDraw to draw the structure of the molecule and then copy this structure into Chem3D (if you have questions about doing this transfer, ask your instructor).  Once you are in Chem3D, manipulate the model to give the indicated conformation (you will need to manipulate the structure to approximately the conformation indicated, and then use the "Minimize Energy" function to get precisely the right conformation).  Unless otherwise specified, use the "Ball and Stick" Model Type, with Atom Fill set to "Pattern by Element", and "Black" as the Color. Set the Depth Ratio to "50".

The results for the Chem3D experiment will all be printed together on the same page, but you will need to transfer the drawing back to ChemDraw.  To do this, after you have performed the modelling, select the copy option and then paste the figure into ChemDraw.  You can make the drawing smaller by scaling the figure.  Label the figure using the Text tool of ChemDraw.  Repeat the modelling and copy/paste function for your other drawings.  After you have transferred everything to the ChemDraw page, and sized the model, print a one copy of this page, containing your three figures, appropriately labelled.  

  1. The lowest energy conformation of 1-iodopropane, sighting directly down the C1-C2 bond, with C1 in front of C2.
  2. The lowest energy conformation of cis-1-ethyl-2-methylcyclohexane, sighting down the C1-C2 bond, with C1 in front of C2.
  3. 1-(2,4,5-trimethylphenyl)ethanone (already drawn in #3 of Part I), using the "Space Filling" model type.

You will work on these as groups. You may ask questions of the instructor, and no one else. Print out one (and only one) copy of your finished work, and hand it in to your instructor.

Day 2

Part III: ChemDraw

Chem Draw: Part IIIA

Use ChemDraw to draw the structure of each of these molecules and ions, on the same page. Label each structure with its name. Print one copy of the entire page, after you have finished drawing everything. Make sure nothing appears on the page except these drawings and their names. Put your names at the top right corner of the page.

  1. The reaction mechanism, shown below, should be duplicated as best you can.
  2. (R)-1-phenyl-1-butanol (shown in the table below)
  3. 2-amino-1-phenylpropane (shown in the table below)
  4. β-D-glucose (as six-membered ring structure; this structure must be drawn in one step) (shown in the table below)
  5. cholesterol (shown in the table below)
  6. thyroxine (no charges on any ionizable groups) (shown in the table below) /li>

ChemDraw, Part IIIB

After you have done the exercise above, and printed your copy (one printed the sheet for each group), do the following exercise on another ChemDraw page.

Using the appropriate drawing tool, show each of the following structures on this new page:

  • benzene ring
  • pentadiene ring
  • 18-membered ring (alkane; maintain bond angles)
  • 8-membered ring with alternating double bonds
  • AMP
  • α-D-glucose ring structure
  • Any polyhedral shape
  • A stereo structure with either 6, 7 or 8 positions

Part IV: Chem3D

For any two of the structures that you drew in Part IIIA and any two from Part IIIB, show Chem3D perspectives that are visually satisfying to you, trying to make certain that any functional groups are apparent. You can best represent your drawings using stick or ball-and-stick representations.

Extra Credit:

Draw the structure of the amino acid L-glutamic acid in both ChemDraw and in Chem3D.

1Simplied ChemDraw instructions

2Simplied Chem3D instructions

3How to do symbols in ChemDraw


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